Artificial insemination, combined with genome resource banking, can also be used for managing animal populations with a goal of moving frozen semen both within and between countries rather than translocating animals.
Imported ruminant species (cattle, antelope, etc.) have the potential to carry any number of foreign animal diseases that are of concern to a country's agricultural industry, and semen also can carry many of them. However, live animal imports have the added risk of arthropod transmitted diseases, such as trypanosomosis, theileriosis and African swine fever, as well as foreign arthropod species like the screwworm fly (Cochliomyia hominivorax). Thus, there is inherent reduced disease risk importing frozen semen versus a live animal because semen cannot inadvertently contain arthropod species. Genetic diversity is critical for animal health, offspring survival and development, therefore live animal and semen importation is important. SEZARC is leading the way to work with the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Association of Zoos and Aquariums to develop semen importation protocols for hoofstock. SEZARC has extensive experience working with the U.S. government and can facilitate and assist with a range of import and export permits and protocols. SEZARC also has experience and can help with the permitting process in other countries, including Kenya and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
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